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Fri18th May 2012

A breeding attempt by a pair of White-tailed Eagles, near Mountshannon, Lough Derg, has unfortunately failed at the point of hatching. The birds started to lose interest in the nest site on Tuesday (16/5/12) evening and did not attend the nest at all on Wednesday (17/5/12). A nest visit yesterday by Golden Eagle Trust and National Parks and Wildlife Service staff confirmed that only egg shell fragments and the remains of a tiny White-tailed Eagle chick staff were left inside the nest cup.

The pair of White-tailed Eagles is still in the nest site vicinity. The breeding female was only three years of age, whereas they normally begin to breed as four year olds. Therefore it is not surprising that she would not be successful in her first breeding attempt, especially before she reached maturity. Whilst the natural breeding failure is disappointing, it nonetheless clearly demonstrates that the Irish landscapes can support these magnificent birds.

Other territorial pairs in Kerry and Galway will hopefully breed next season alongside the Clare pair. The Mountshannon breeding eagles were released in County Kerry as part of the Irish White-tailed Eagle reintroduction programme. The Programme has been managed and developed by the Golden Eagle Trust in partnership with the National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS) since the project was first muted in 2006.

The primary funding for this national project has come from NPWS and the Golden Eagle Trust is grateful that NPWS had to foresight to invest and support this imaginative project from the outset. And despite this disappointing news, we are reassured that the initial vision of restoring White-tailed Eagles to Ireland has now begun to become a reality.

Whilst the recent focus has centred on the excitement of the breeding attempt, the Golden Eagle Trust would like to highlight the extremely valuable support of the Mountshannon community and an array of local bodies, for protecting this nest site and facilitating the public viewing at the harbour. The Mountshannon Community Council, the Mountshannon Search and Rescue Team and local FÁS scheme have been extremely supportive in facilitating the Project Manager, Dr Allan Mee.

The local people, from schoolchildren to senior citizens, came to look at 'their eagles' on a regular basis and the enthusiasm and support was palpable. We believe this pair will now become another attractive part of the Lough Derg landscape. We also take great succour from this ongoing community support for the restoration of native eagles.

Whilst these birds may be breeding in Clare, we should not forget the support of the people of County Kerry who have embraced the 100 young White-tailed Eagles initially released in their midst and have given the project steadfast support since the birds were first released. Their 10,000 strong petition played an important role in convincing the national authorities that there was widespread support in rural Ireland for restoring the eagles to our coasts, rivers and loughs.

Numerous visitors from County Clare, elsewhere in Ireland and abroad have already come to Mountshannon to see the eagles. We estimate that the nest attracted 700-800 people a week. The numerous comments in the visitor book reflect their appreciation for being able to see eagles in the Irish countryside again. The level of interest in the site over the last two weeks would suggest that there is enormous potential for celebrating our wildlife and cultural heritage all along the Shannon Basin.

The pair of White-tailed Eagles is likely to remain on and near Lough Deg over the rest of the summer. People should keep an eye out for the birds as they fly and forage over the rich bays and islands between Whitegate, Mountshannon, Scarriff and the Tipperary side of Lower Lough Derg. The birds may begin prospecting for new nest sites early in the New Year, though it is possible that they could re?use this year's nest.


White-Tailed Sea Eagle Mountshannon
NESTING SUMMARY

Breeding Pair:
"2008 male tag Y", and "2009 female tag %"

Eggs laid c9 April

9 Apr-15 May
Both birds shared incubation over the next 5-6 weeks with female doing the "night shift". Male tended to do more of the daytime incubation in the first few weeks with bouts up to 8 hours without changing over. Closer to the expected hatch date (16-18 May) female attended the nest more than the male. Both birds mostly fed away from the nest while off-duty, but food was also brought to the nest by the male when the female was sitting. All food items identified were fish species but duck feathers were also recovered from nest.

15 May
Female incubating as normal in morning. However two periods when both birds left nest during the day (9 minutes off on 2nd occasion). This was unusual and followed on a change in behaviour over last few days with birds "restless" at nest, standing and re-sitting more often than previously (responding to egg hatching?). Just before 1800 both birds deserted the nest and perched c100m away showing no interest in returning to nest. Female returned to nest later that evening and stood for some time on nest rim before departing again. Birds did not return after this.

16 May
Nest entry to check nest c 1700 hrs. Damian Clarke (NPWS) climbed to the nest. Nest well built and completely intact. Eggshell fragments and wing of chick with inner membrane of shell still attached recovered indication chick died at or around hatching. No evidence of a second egg/chick but almost 24 hours since nest abandoned. Hooded crows observed at the nest earlier in day and likely removed/predated nest contents.

While it was disappointing that the nest failed this was always likely as the pair are young (4th cal year female, 5th cal year male) and first time breeders regularly fail to produce fertile eggs and/or hatch. Clearly this pair laid fertile eggs so mating is not an issue. Throughout incubation the pair rarely left the nest and the experience gained this year should be invaluable on their next attempt. At present the pair is still roosting on the nest island. It remains to be seen whether this pair re-nests at the same site next year.

The monitoring effort at the nest site, during daylight hours throughout the incubation period, could only have been achieved with a lot of voluntary effort including NPWS staff. The nesting and the public nature of the site also generated huge positive interest locally but also attracting visitors from throughout Ireland (c 1,000 over the weekend of 5-7 May). A full-time person (Anna McWilliam) was hired to coordinate the effort for the period of nesting. Mountshannon Community Council and the local FÁS crew as well as Search and Rescue provided much help locally. We are grateful to John Maguire (NPWS) for prompt help re licensing and Damian Clarke for tree climbing and inspecting the nest contents.

Dr. Allan Mee

Young WT Eagles abandon nest at hatching time
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Mon30th Apr 2012

A pair of White-tailed Eagles has been confirmed nesting near Mountshannon, Co Clare, the first documented nesting attempt for the species in Ireland in over 100 years. Nest building began in recent weeks with the birds spending much time in and around the nest site before laying eggs. Although the nest has not been visited to confirm the presence of eggs to avoid any unnecessary disturbance, the behaviour of the birds indicated that the birds have nested. The breeding pair, which settled in the area in early 2011, was released in Killarney National Park, Co. Kerry, as part of the White-tailed Eagle reintroduction programme developed and funded by the Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht in partnership with Golden Eagle trust. This is the first known nesting since the reintroduction programme began .

"This is a truly momentous event", said Dr. Allan Mee, project manager for the Golden Eagle Trust. "It seems a long time since we collected these birds as chicks from nests in the wild in Norway and to see them now nesting in the wild themselves in Ireland is the day we have all been waiting for". The breeding pair, a four year old male and three year old female, was collected in 2008 and 2009 respectively on the island of Frøya off the west coast of Norway. White-tailed Eagles are fully mature and usually begin to breed at five years of age but birds in Scotland have very occasionally bred as early as three. "We had hopes that this pair might try and build a nest but because the birds are relatively young we really didn't expect them to breed", Dr. Mee added. "The odds are stacked against young first-time breeders because they have no experience of nest-building, mating and caring for eggs and young. They have to get everything right to succeed. But this pair has impressed us so far. Once they settled down to incubate the clutch of eggs both parents were very diligent. The nest has only very rarely been left unattended and birds have been quick to spot potential dangers such as the presence of hooded crows which might predate the eggs. Since the eggs take some six weeks to hatch they still have a long way to go. But so far so good".

In Norway news of the nest was also greeted with delight. The Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), one of the Norwegian partners in the reintroduction programme commented: " NINA is delighted to hear of the first breeding attempt of the white-tailed eagle in Ireland for 110 years, and proud to have cooperated with The National Parks and Wildlife Service, The Golden Eagle Trust, and the Norwegian Ornithological Society in the effort which has led to this success. The event is receiving considerable media attention in Norway and we hope the birds will be given the freedom from disturbance they need to maximize the chances of successful breeding. The NINA part of the programme was led by Dr. Torgeir Nygård and Dr. Duncan Halley."
- Norunn Myklebust, Director, NINA

The Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, Jimmy Deenihan T.D. said:
"I am delighted with this news after years of hard work by many on this project. We are working hard in my Department to protect and enhance our natural heritage and this development is a great boost. Already the White-tailed eagles are a wonderful asset to tourism around Killarney and wider afield in Kerry, and their spread will benefit business as well as giving joy to anglers and naturalists around the Shannon."

Over the past four years White-tailed Sea Eagles have dispersed throughout Ireland and beyond. Many eagles have been reported from Northern Ireland and at least six birds have travelled to Scotland. One male that spend 8 months away from Kerry in 2009 travelled over 2,000 kilometres to the Orkney Islands off the north coast of Scotland before returning to Kerry. In early 2011 this male was found paired with a female in south Kerry. Immature White-tailed Sea Eagles may disperse over a wide area but once birds begin to mature and pair up at 4-5 years old they establish territories along the coast and inland lakes where they are resident throughout their lifetime.

The news of nesting White-tailed Eagles has generated a lot of excitement locally in east Clare and is likely to attract the attention of people keen to see the birds. However disturbance, particularly during the early stages of nesting when the birds are on eggs, would be detrimental to the pair' success. "We are very conscious of the risk of disturbing the birds especially at this stage of nesting. Disturbance could result in the birds leaving the eggs unguarded for a period during which the eggs could be predated or be chilled or the birds could desert the site. White-tailed Eagles are a protected species and it is an offence under the Wildlife Act to willfully disturb birds at the nest during the breeding season. We would caution people not to approach the nest area but instead watch from the viewing area onshore where we will have a telescope for close viewing. Information on the birds, their ecology and conservation will be available. We would like to acknowledge the goodwill and assistance of the local community and Clare County Council before and during the nesting period".

Whatever the outcome of this nesting attempt, the signs are good for future breeding in the area and at a number of other sites across Ireland in the near future. Birds can live for 25-30 years and generally mate for life with adult pairs remaining within their home range throughout the year. First time breeders, especially young birds, often fail at their first attempt. However, with the goodwill and support of local communities the birds should have a bring future.

This is fantastic news for County Clare and reflects the outstanding landscape and biodiversity we have here that can attract such beautiful birds" said Shane Casey, Biodiversity Officer for Clare County Council. "While it' understandable that everyone will want to visit the area and have a look for themselves, its important to remember that this is a very sensitive and critical time for the birds, and as such we need to show some patience and responsibility, and let nature take its course unhindered. We are all hopeful that this story ends in a chick, but we must remember that this is already a success story, and that the first white-tailed eagle egg laid in Ireland in over a century was laid right here in County Clare!


NOTES FOR EDITORS

NOTE: White-tailed Eagles are a protected species and it is an offence under the Wildlife Act to willfully disturb birds at the nest during the breeding season.
 


Cad a dhéanfaimid feasta gan adhmad? Now what will we do for timber,
Tá deireadh na gcoillte ar lár;..... with the last of the woods laid low?...
..Ní chluinim fuiaim lachan ná gé ann, Ducks' voices nor geese do I hear there,
ná fiolar ag éamh cois cuain, nor the eagle's cry over the bay,
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it www.goldeneagle.ie This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it www.goldeneagle.iewww.facebook.com.www.goldeneagle.ie This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
 
  • The White-tailed Eagle, Golden Eagle, and Red Kite Reintroduction Projects in the Republic of Ireland are managed by the Golden Eagle Trust in partnership with the National Parks & Wildlife Service of the Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht in the Republic of Ireland. One hundred White-tailed Eagles have been released between 2007 and 2011 in Killarney national Park, Co. Kerry. To date 20 birds have been recovered dead.

  • Over the past four years White-tailed Sea Eagles have dispersed throughout Ireland and beyond. Many eagles have been reported from Northern Ireland and at least six birds have travelled to Scotland. One male that spend 8 months away from Kerry in 2009 travelled over 2,000 kilometres to the Orkney Islands off the north coast of Scotland before returning to Kerry. In early 2011 this male was found paired with a female in south Kerry. Immature White-tailed Sea Eagles may disperse over a wide area but once birds begin to mature and pair up at 4-5 years old they establish territories along the coast and inland lakes where they are resident throughout their lifetime.

  • The Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA) and the Norwegian Ornithological Society were the partner organizations for the White-tailed Eagle Reintroduction in Norway. The NINA part of the programme was led by Dr. Torgeir Nygård and Dr. Duncan Halley.

  • Historically, the White-tailed Sea Eagle was once a respected and conspicuous part of the Irish landscape, before it was driven to extinction in the early 20th century.

  • Their images were drawn on the page margins of early Irish manuscripts, such as the Book of Kells. The decline of eagles in the late 17th century was lamented in the famous Tipperary poem; Caoine Cill Cháis [Lament for Kilcash]

    Writing about Irish eagles in his book, 'The Way that I Went'( 1937), Robert Lloyd Praegar stated, "Heaven help the bird that ventures near the 'Island of Saints'".

    Now in 2012, we have come full circle. Eagles are nesting once again along the Shannon. The nest is only 2km from the famous Early Christian Monastic site at Holy Island, Mountshannon. Hopefully, the ongoing revival of the ancient co-existence with nature, will see eagles breeding on Ireland's waterways and coasts for centuries to come.


    CONTACT

    1. Dr. Allan Mee,
    Project Manager, Irish White-tailed Sea Eagle Reintroduction Programme
    Golden Eagle Trust
    Tel: +353-873117608
    Email:
    Website:

    1. Lorcan O'Toole
    General Manager, Golden Eagle Trust
    Tel: +353-871310177
    Email:

    Website:
    Facebook:

    Click on Facebook icon on GET homepage at - Or search for Golden Eagle Trust after logging into your Facebook account.

    2. Shane Casey
    Biodiversity Officer
    Clare County Council,
    Áras Contae an Chláir,
    New Road, Ennis, Co. Clare
    Tel: +353-65-6821616
    Email:


    ACCOMMODATION IN MOUNTSHANNON

    Here are some links to guest houses and information on the area which may be of use for anyone who intends to travel to Mountshannon.

  • Sunrise bed and breakfast is situated on an elevated site just 300m north of Mountshannon in Co. Clare. Experience the peace and tranquility of the East Clare countryside with panoramic views overlooking Lough Derg (River Shannon) and the Arra Mountains.

  • Lakeside Holiday Park is set in the heart of the countryside surrounded by woodlands, mountains, islands and the truly spectacular lake of Lough Derg. An exceptional location full of natural beauty and wilderness.

  • http://www.mountshannon-clare.com/

  • http://www.visitclare.net/



  • SUPPORT OUR CONSERVATION PROGRAMMES

    The Golden Eagle Trust Limited need your support to carry out these important and exciting conservation programmes as well as to implement new initiatives. We would be very grateful for any donations from individuals or organisations. Annual sponsorship or indeed one-off donations are very welcome. Donations and sponsorship can be either for the Golden Eagle Trust Limited or for a specific project. You will receive a receipt for each donation received, so that you can claim any appropriate tax relief on the donation.

    All cheques or postal orders should be made payable to the Golden Eagle Trust Ltd and sent to our registered address:

    The Golden Eagle Trust Ltd
    22 Fitzwilliam Square, Dublin 2

    Given the Golden Eagle Trust Limiteds track record in species recovery and conservation, your support is guaranteed to be used effectively to benefit extinct and threatened birds.
Sea Eagles nest for the first time in 100 years
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Sun26th Feb 2012

Since December 2011, the RSPB Red Kite Officer, Adam McClure, had picked up the radio signal and had several sightings from an unusual visitor - one of the Dublin kites - to my embarrassment the kite was less than two miles from my house on the Ards Peninsula, Co Down.

Last Tuesday, Andrew Murray and I had a work experience student, Phillip Patton from Regent House, Newtownards working in the office and helping with some of the fieldwork. We all decided to head out and see if we could get a closer look and a photograph and Phillip wrote down his experiences of the day:

"I arrived at Dr. Marc Ruddock's house early on Tuesday morning for work experience and was given a great opportunity to radio track the red kite which had found its way from its Dublin release site, in Donabate, to within just two miles from the project manager's house over a hundred miles away! It was a great experience for the three of us involved and it's one I won't forget. We began the radio tracking at Marc's house and first travelled to the area they had last spotted the bird just a week before and RSPB had told us the birds were usually seen but there appeared to be no sign. So from there we began to scour the whole of the Ards Peninsula up and down listening closely to the radio for any sign of a beeping noise. Time went by and it felt as if we were searching for a needle in a hay stack and might never find it but just as we were giving up hope we heard it...

We followed the beeping noise down countless country lanes, eyes peeled for anything moving in the skies. We had a few false alarms, most notably a peregrine falcon and several buzzards. We first found the bird soaring across a farmer's field too far away to get a decent view or picture so in attempt to get a better view we drove down a narrow lane but it came to a dead end and we were forced to turn back and try another route.

The second time we spotted the kite we were driving down another very narrow lane surrounded by high hedges which made spotting it much more difficult. Luckily Marc saw the red kite taking off from a fence post and he quickly jumped out onto the roof of his car and began taking photos. It was a spectacular sight, very striking even on such a miserable day. It was flying low over a field and just as it was about to disappear out of sight over the brow of the hill, the bird turned to show its unmistakable wing tags, blue and white with the clear 'B1' markings on both wings.

This kite is not alone on the Ards peninsula and is in fact one of two spotted in the area, we got a brief glimpse of another kite with brown and white wing-tags heading along the shore edge, but were not able to confirm the codes".

Since the trip out with Phillip and Andrew; Adam McClure, RSPB, has confirmed that Blue White B1 is usually seen together with Brown White 39. This was bird fledged from a nest of two young near Downpatrick by two adults which were released in 2008 and known by their wing tags Brown Black A and Brown Black T and named affectionately Caelum and Troy.

Back in the office, we searched the database and discovered that Blue White B1 was collected in Wales on the 12th June 2011 by Tony Cross from the Welsh Kite Trust and my good friend Dr George Henderson. This kite came from a very special brood of chicks being part of a nest with four young, the first ever brood of four discovered by the Welsh Kite Trust. Blue White B1 was released from Newbridge Demesne along with the other kites in July 2011 and prior to release had wing tags and the radio-transmitter fitted by Dr Allan Mee, the white-tailed eagle project manager who came up from Co. Kerry to help with the tagging. From measurements made in the cages it is estimated that Blue White B1 is a male.

Great to see the kites doing well across the island of Ireland and utilising new areas and amazing to think that one of the Dublin kites appeared to have followed me home!

A day out kiting...
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Wed6th Oct 2010

Following a difficult start to the year, with the poisoning of Conall, one of the Glenveagh Golden Eagle chicks from 2009, the encouraging outcome of the 2010 breeding season has provided a timely boost.

The Golden Eagle pair in Glenveagh had previously reared a single chick in 2007 and two chicks in 2009. This year the Glenveagh pair returned to their 2007 eyrie and successfully reared one chick which left the nest in late June. The picture above shows a small fox cub brought into the nest. The diet contained mostly Hares again this year and during an end of season search of the nest vicinity the remains of a predated adult Raven were also found. So considering the number of badger and fox cubs this pair predated previously, it is clear that this pair is having an impact, to some degree, on the food chain locally. The chick and adults have been seen in Glenveagh and the Glendowan Mountains up to the end of September.

In total three Golden Eagle pairs laid eggs in County Donegal in 2010. The eggs from a second pair again failed to hatch in 2010. But the project team were delighted when another pair of young birds, breeding for the first time, fledged two young in July in an area of hill sheep commonage. These birds have been resident for several years now, feeding on dead sheep during the winter and seabirds, rabbits and hares during the summer. The attitude and support of the local sheep men has been exemplary and the Golden Eagle Trust would again like to highlight this example of the co-operation between hill farming and wildlife interests. The farmers themselves have actually noted a decline in the number of attacks on newborn lambs, lambed outdoors, by nearby Hooded (Grey) Crows. And they acknowledge that the arrival of Golden Eagles into their glen has impacted on the previously unnaturally high number of Hooded Crows locally.
One of this brood of two was satellite tagged and its movements are now available on the GET website, as it wanders away from its natal area.

5 young Golden Eagle were also imported from Scotland, under licence from Scottish Natural Heritage, and released in Donegal in August. 58 young Golden Eagles have been released since the project began in 2001 and our aim is to collect and release 75 birds in total. In an effort to improve our knowledge of the dispersal routes of these young eagles along the west coast, and assess their survival rates, three of the released birds were fitted with Satellite Tags and their movements will shortly be available on the website.

Based on second hand information gleaned from Mongolian Eagle owners, via Roy Dennis in Scotland, we looked at the number of single scales above each talon on some of the released eagles. To our surprise one male eagle had 3 single scales on its middle toe, one female had four scales on the middle toe and the biggest female, as denoted by all our biometrics, had five sales. So even after 10 years of releases, we are still learning. And we will keep an eye out in future years to see if this was a mere statistical quirk or whether the number of toe scales is indicative of the strength of an individual!

Golden Eagle Chick Glenveagh
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Thu26th Aug 2010

There are already many reports coming back to us with sightings and hen harriers displaying and occupying territories, great to hear! It was great to meet so many of you during the hen harrier workshops. There were 102 people that attended the workshops and thank you for all your participation and enthusiasm for the survey and the hen harrier. Thank you too for all your hard work and efforts in surveying to date.

Should you require method statement and the recording forms for the survey please email This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Anyone not already participating in a square your hen harrier sightings or incidental observations during 2010 are invaluable and please complete a recording form or complete the online recording form and don?t forget to provide a grid reference (maps can be provided if you let me know which 10km square the sighting was in) and record the behaviour and habitat in which the birds are seen, as per the instructions. If anyone would still like to take on a square, or part of a square please let us know which county you are in and we will provide maps and aerial photographs for the area and an outline of existing coverage or indicative territories at this stage. Alternatively we are organising small teams to cover some areas and if you would like to participate in one of these teams please also let me know and we will contact you during these "flying squad" visits, if you would like to get out and enjoy surveying for a day or two. Maps and recording forms will be provided on the day and we will do all the data entry.

Look forward to hearing from you all during the season and please do not hesitate to get in touch if you require any further information or share updates for your survey areas.
Attached to this update are some photos (albeit small/poorly focussed ones) which perhaps many of you amateur photographers - like me - are used to seeing such dots in the sky and only being able to zoom in on them digitally which I managed to get of a male hen harrier displaying and pulling some fantastic inverted dives and loops.

Hen Harrier in flight
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